If you are importing wood furniture, wood products, manufactured wood products, tables, beds, or wardrobes into the US you must know what government parties are involved, what regulations must be followed, and the fundamental aspects of furniture imports.
- Customs and Border Protection (CBP)
- US Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA APHIS)
- Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
- US International Trade Commission (USITC)
- Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
- Department of Transportation (DOT)
- Customs Broker
- When importing furniture into the US you will need to provide:
1) What the item is: chair, couch, table, bookshelf etc.
2) What the item is made of: wood, metal, glass, plastic etc.
3) The intended use of the furniture: Office, Dining, Kitchen, Bedroom etc.
4) The country of manufacture
- Wooden chairs (not upholstered) classified under 9401.69, require a USDA APHIS Lacey Act Declaration
- Wooden furniture made up from composite wood materials, require an EPA Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) declaration that certifies the composite wood materials are compliant with Title VI Section 13, and the furniture itself must be marked that it is in compliance.
- Seats for motor vehicles require a DOT Vehicle Equipment declaration form and the seat itself, if for on-road use, must be marked with a certification that it complies with the US DOT regulations.
- Special purpose furniture such as dentists, barbers, or similar chairs, hospital beds, and other medical surgical, dental and veterinary furniture must comply with FDA regulations.
- The USITC has issued AD/CVD orders on certain furniture manufactured in China. The AD/CVD duty rates can be as high as 251.64% for wooden cabinets and vanities and up to 216.01% on wooden bedroom furniture. This will require a special import bond.
- You will be acting as the Importer of Record. Therefore, you are the party ultimately responsible for the accuracy and completeness of the import declaration, as well as the payment of applicable duties and taxes into the US.
- Duty and tax must be paid upon importation into the US.
- The rate of duty is determined by the tariff of the commodity being imported, the value of the goods and, the origin of the goods.
- Certain import documentation is required to be presented to the border services officer at the port of entry.
- Your import may be subject to a customs review, inspection or audit prior to, at the time of, or after the importation. Additional fees may be levied by the Government of the US for these services.
- You are required to keep your import records for five years following the date of import and can be audited by Customs at any point during this time.