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How To Import Electronics Into The US


If you are importing phones, computers, circuit assemblies, monitors, power units, or other electronics and/or components into the US, you must know what government parties are involved, what regulations must be followed, and the fundamental aspects of electronics imports.

Parties Involved:

  • Customs and Border Protection (CBP)
  • Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
  • Federal Communication Committee (FCC)
  • Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)
  • Customs Broker
  • Carrier

Main Regulations:

  • All radiation-emitting devices are regulated by the FDA, with a FDA Form 2877 being required at the time of import.
  • Although there is no longer a separate declaration required to confirm the product conforms to FCC requirements, the burden of proof is on the importer. Keep those records handy to quickly submit if and when they are requested.
  • Like the FDA, the CPSC is tasked with ensuring that all electronic products are safe, effective, and durable. Additional inspections and requests may be made by this agency at the time of import or post import.
  • Depending on the source country additional duties may apply.

Import Fundamentals:

  • You will be acting as the Importer of Record. Therefore, you are the party ultimately responsible for the accuracy and completeness of the import declaration; as well as, the payment of applicable duties and taxes into the US
  • Duty and tax must be paid upon importation into the US
  • The rate of duty is determined by the tariff of the commodity being imported, value of the goods, and origin of the goods.
  • Certain import documentation is required to be presented to the border services officer at the port of entry.
  • Your import may be subject to a customs or partner government agency review, inspection or audit prior to, at the time of, or after the importation. Additional fees may be levied by the Government of the US for these services.
  • You are required to keep your import records for five years following the date of import and can be audited by Customs at any point during this time.

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